I have a Solution that will reduce pressure on IIT aspirants but do not know how to get this across to HRD Minister of India. Suggestions are welcome. - Ram Krishnaswamy

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Wednesday, January 31, 2018

IITs resist Centre move to link funds to performance - New Indian Express

By Sumi Sukanya dutta  |  Express News Service  |   Published: 30th January 2018 02:11 AM  |  

                             IIT-Kanpur (File | PTI)

NEW DELHI:The IITs are resisting a government move that proposes to impose an agreement with the Union HRD Ministry in order to give them grants, from this year.

A draft proposal has been sent out to all 23 IITs — which receive about Rs 5,000 crore annually from the HRD Ministry cumulatively — seeking their suggestion. The seven older IITs get about `500 crore each annually.

“The plan is to link the funds with the action plans and performance ratings  in order to make them more accountable and urge them to raise their revenues by increasing student intake, number of courses and research engagements,” a senior official in the higher education department of the ministry said.
One of the clauses includes asking IITs to pay 30 per cent of teachers’ revised salaries from own resources. 

There would be separate performance rating only for IITs that will rate them positively or negatively on indicators such as student-teacher ratio, placement percentage, filing of annual reports on time, vigilance or CBI enquiries and suicides by students.

Indore: PhD scholar warns HRD minister Prakash Javdekar… - Free Press Jopurnal

— By Staff Reporter | Jan 30, 2018 10:04 am

Another Vemula in the making at IIT Indore

Indore: A netizen claiming to be a research scholar of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Indore tweeted that the institute has toughened situation for PhD students so much so that another incident like the tragic suicide of Rohit Vemula could take place any time on the IIT campus.

“IIT Indore is changing rules every year for PhD,” the netizen claimed uploading a schedule in which number of publications fixed for a PhD scholar has been mentioned.

As per the schedule, in the year 2015 each PhD scholar was required to publish/present two papers either in journal or conference in four years. The schedule further reads that the number of journals was increased to three in year 2016/17 but the duration was also increased from four to five.

In 2018, the number of journals has been increased to four with duration of only four years.

In a tweet to HRD minister Prakash Javdekar, the netizen said: “I think your ministry is waiting for some mishappening like Rohit Vemula type of event to take place at IIT Indore campus. Please don’t use students’ health and life for your vote bank sir. Please look into this matter as soon as possible. Otherwise, the so-called senate new rules can force research scholars turn to be Rohit Vemula of IIT Indroe. #saveiitindore”

I think your ministry is waiting for some mishappening like Rohit Vemula type of event to take place at IIT Indore campus. Please don’t use students’ health and life for your vote bank sir. Please look into this matter as soon as possible. Otherwise, the so-called senate new rules can force research scholars turn to be Rohit Vemula of IIT Indore. #saveiitindore 


Haunted college campus: Stories of IIT Roorkee and 9 other Indian colleges and hostels will give you goosebumps - Catch news

| Updated on: 30 January 2018, 15:39 IST

Are you a ghost believer? If yes, then this might excite you! It is a strange fact that almost every college and school have a haunted story attached with it. On one hand where some universities are built on ancient burial sites, there are others who have some stories or scenes of suicides or sudden deaths related to it that are supposed to be eerie.

The question that arise here is that is there any university that will claim to be the most spookiest in the land. Since, we were dying to find out the most haunted colleges and campuses in our country, we got our hands on the haunted stories of these famous colleges that will surely give you goosebumps.

Disclaimer: These stories are listings that are based on various reports and stories present on various social media platforms. They may or may not be true and the authenticity of the reports as well as the stories is not guaranteed.


It has been reported that on several occasions people have heard sounds coming from the empty chemistry labs. They have heard sounds of professors giving instructions related to practicals. Pretty scary!


According to many students, the presence of Hastings’ spirit is felt and around New Year’s Eve many have experienced this phenomena. They claim that during that time the erstwhile general’s spirit would rush up the staircase of his residence which lies within the premises of this college.


Many people share that around 2 am they can hear a female voice reciting multiplication tables which is followed by sounds of slapping and wailing of children, no satisfactory explanation have been found for this.


There is a grave of Alice Richman. Alice died due to cholera in 1886. However, many believe that this is not the reason for her demise and she either committed suicide or was killed. People have claimed that they have seen Alice Richman's spirit wearing a white gown, walking around in the campus.


A student committed suicide by hanging himself from the ceiling fan in his hostel room. This incident took place a couple of years ago and after that rumors started spreading that the place is being haunted by the spirit of this student.


Many girls of this college have shared that they often hear mysterious sounds from the dining room close to midnight. The faculty of this college says that since the college is situated on the hills there is often sound of wind or the rustling of leaves which sounds creepy at night.


The stairways of the Kastoorbha Medical College is said to be haunted by an unseen person who claims to be trapped in the 8th floor, though the college building doesn’t have an 8th floor.


The girl’s hostel in this campus is said to be haunted. The nature of the ghost remains questionable as there is no common story of haunting experience and the story differs from person to person.


A spirit wanders the corridors of this college and this story is quite popular. It is said that in class room no S26, you can sometimes hear and see this paranormal entity. The mini-auditorium of the college and also the ladies common room are also said to be sites of paranormal activities.


At night, spirit of one of the engineering students, who had committed suicide in the college, after he failed in his exams, is said to be wandering around the premises of college.

Horlicks talks about IIT, exam phobia and suicides in viral digital campaign - Live Mint

Horlicks new digital campaign titled ‘Fearless Kota’ highlights the innumerable pressures that students go through to crack the IIT exams
Last Published: Tue, Jan 30 2018. 12 52 PM IST

A screenshot from the ad campaign. Horlicks ad has brought to the fore crucial mental health issues and the mounting examination pressure which often leads to fear of failure, stress, depression and suicides among students.

New Delhi: In India, no success is sweeter than landing a seat in a prestigious educational institution like an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), so much so that parents send their children for coaching to places like Kota.

Horlicks, the malt-based health drink by GSK Consumer Healthcare, chooses to highlight the innumerable pressures that students go through to crack the country’s toughest competitive exams for engineering and medical in a new digital campaign.

The film, made by advertising agency FCB Ulka, is set in Rajasthan’s city of Kota, the country’s biggest hub of coaching centres for entrance examinations, and traces the obsession with securing a high rank in these exams which often leads to insurmountable pressure on students. Aptly titled Fearless Kota, the ad is divided in two halves. While the first half familiarizes viewers with statistics on the alarming number of suicides among students, the other half talks about the value of emotional support and shows mothers of students coaching in Kota paying a surprise visit to encourage them to tide over the tough time.

Clearly, the ad has brought to the fore crucial mental health issues and the mounting examination pressure which often leads to fear of failure, stress, depression and suicides among students.

“Through the Fearless Kota film, we wanted to highlight that along with a healthy body, a healthy mind is equally important to perform. Therefore, the right emotional nutrition is needed for children to overcome the fear of exams. The film captures the belief that a mother’s love is the best dose of emotional nutrition that helps a child overcome stress and face exams fearlessly,” said Vikram Bahl, area marketing lead, nutrition and digestive health, GSK Consumer Healthcare India.

The emotional execution of the video has resonated well with viewers online with the film garnering over 10 million views on the brand’s YouTube channel and over 2.3 million views on Facebook.

“Students in Kota have access to the best faculty and world class facilities, but they’re missing a fundamental need that is as biological as the need for vitamins. We’ve termed this emotional nutrition, and Fearless Kota is our way of showing its power. Going forward we will build on this narrative,” said Swati Bhattacharya, chief creative officer, FCB Ulka.

Horlicks ad follows a similar narrative of what PepsiCo-owned Mirinda did in its Release the Pressure campaign last year where it talked about exam pressure. Tata Tea also did an ad talking about exam stress which often leads to depression and suicidal tendencies among teenagers.

Meanwhile, Horlicks’s competitor Bournvita also created a campaign Tayyari Har Exam Ki, which featured a school principal explaining to parents why good grades are not an insurance to success in life.

Ayan Banik, head–brand strategy, Cheil India, gave full points to the execution and brand fit to the Horlicks ad. However, he noted that the film leaves one wanting for more. He said that although the Mirinda campaign had a weaker product connect, it was an activation where students write open letters to their parents about exam stress which made it look more convincing.

“Any on-ground activation idea with a strong social engagement currency is way more powerful, endearing and real than a piece of ‘nice advertisement’. So in that sense the Horlicks ad comes across as a ‘me too’ piece of communication, without a fresh perspective,” he said.

Banik feels Horlicks could have offered more tangible solutions to students. “For instance, it could be in the form of a 24x7 Horlicks helpline number manned by psychiatrists who could actually come to the rescue of these students. I feel it may have been way more effective than a visit from mothers with home cooked food,” he added.

Athul Chathukutty, creative director - copy at advertising agency Happy mcgarrybowen, who also happens to be an engineer feels that the concept of “Emotional Nutrition” is fascinating. It also has an instant connection with the Horlicks brand.

“However, by simply bringing mums to visit their kids doesn’t seem like a very feasible solution and actually weakens the solid premise. Also, it also typecasts dads as the bad guys, which isn’t always the case,” he said.

Chathukutty is hopeful that the brand will do something more long-term towards this issue. “I must add that it is quite admirable that the cup of Horlicks appears only fleetingly in the ad; makes me want to trust Horlicks’ noble intentions,” he said.

First Published: Tue, Jan 30 2018. 12 21 PM IST

Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Ex-Kota IITian recalls the pain - TNN

Anahita Mukherji | TNN | Jan 3, 2016, 00:00 IST

Dhruv Arora recently revisited Kota, the dusty town where he had spent two of the most painful years of his life a decade ago, preparing for IIT. 

Arora, an alumnus of IIT-Bombay, feels Kota has become progressively worse, with coaching factories growing in size - what was once a three-storey building with 5,000 students has turned into a 10-storey building with 30,000 students. 

Back in his student days at Kota, he, too, would ask himself if the life he lived there was "normal." Even though the town drew a diverse mix of students from across India, there was virtually no cultural exchange between them. There were no entertainment options or extra-curricular activities either.

"It was so competitive that if you missed a class and asked fellow students what the class was about, they'd dismiss it as unimportant and not tell you the content of the lecture," says Arora, adding that there was less competition on the IIT-Bombay campus than there was in Kota. 

If IITIANS are so smart, shouldn't they develop a smarter way of selection?
One that is more holistic, not dependent on the performance of the person in those few hours of his life but overall, and one that Kota like factories cannot build empires on?

He says he was lucky because his family in Mumbai did not pressure him to make it to IIT. "My parents are liberal and well-travelled. They constantly reminded me that it was only an entrance exam," says Arora. In fact, he says that had he not made it, there were many other things he could have done in life. He would certainly not have stayed back in Kota and repeated the JEE attempt. "When I was studying in Kota, nearly 30-40% of students there were repeat candidates," says Arora.

He points to the immense family pressure many face to get into the IITs. "This is especially true for boys and girls from smaller towns, who have seen the extent to which an IIT degree can change the course of a person's life. When an older sibling has made it to IIT, they want the younger sibling to make it there, too," he says.

He doesn't blame Kota alone for student suicides. He blames the general environment in India, where a few institutions are put on a pedestal.

Why Kota is so killing - TNN

Akhilesh Singh | TNN | Updated: Jan 3, 2016, 02:14 IST

18-hour study schedules. A brutal sorting system that segregates 'average' students. No fee refund policies for those who want out 

'We can't take it anymore. Our parents have told us to return home only after cracking IIT-JEE," said two distressed young students to psychologist Dr ML Agarwal in Jawaharnagar, Kota. The boys were both from Bhatinda, Punjab, where they lived in large joint families. They found themselves unable to cope in their new environment, with daily tutorial classes, and having to study for up to 18 hours a day. "It took months of therapy at a rehabilitation centre, and the involvement of their families, to restore them," says Dr Agarwal.

These breakdowns are all too common, across a city that reinvented itself in the late '90s as coaching hub for the hyper-competitive engineering and medical school exams. Roughly 1.6 lakh teenagers from the surrounding states flock to Kota's coaching institutes every year, paying between 50,000 and a lakh for annual tuition. Some begin early, as coaching centres also run ghost schools where they enroll middle-school students. In a few institutes, they are taught by IIT alumni, who claim salaries of Rs 1.5-2 crore for their expertise. Neither coaching centres nor hostels have exit policies or refunds, so for students who borrow money to come to Kota, the stakes are even higher.

Most students live in rented rooms with minimal facilities. They may desperately dream of IIT, but many of them are unprepared for the psychological costs. Kota has now become a byword for student suicides. A 14-year-old boy killed himself recently, the 30th suicide last year. Purushottam Singh, whose nephew Shivdutt committed suicide on December 22, is in tears as he talks of the boy. Back home in Kollari village, Dholpur, Singh says, "there were high expectations of him. His family and neighbours had already started calling him doctor sahib." The parents of 17-year-old Suresh Mishra (name changed), from Vidisha, now regret having sent him to Kota. "It started with headache, fatigue and bed-wetting. He now suffers from blackouts, partial memory loss and occasional hallucinations," says his father Mukund.

Around the world, student burnout is caused by high rates of physical and emotional exhaustion, a sense of being depersonalised, and a shrunken sense of personal achievement. Kota is a cauldron for all these feelings, with other factors like the fear of letting down one's family, or not having any career alternatives.

All around Kota, the message is to excel, or be left behind. Billboards celebrate success and star students. Entry into IITs or the other engineering and medical schools is seen as the only measure of worth. Coaching institutes, though, admit anyone who can pay the fee. Then begins the brutal sorting of students into different batches on the basis of their performance. Those who lag in their studies live in terror of these internal assessments, and struggle with their sense of inadequacy. Some are doubly challenged, with the Class XII board and the competitive exams.

The problem, though, is that while Kota's coaching centres can find and hone smart students into the perfect JEE test-takers, they are thrown by "weakness" in students. Their performance criteria does not factor in vulnerability or burnout at all, making it hard for students to seek help. As Naveen Maheshwari, the director of Kota's largest coaching institute puts it, "average performers are bound to fail" in this competitive place. "In such an environment, parents should understand that IITs and AIIMS are not the end of the world. They should stop imposing their own dreams on children."

All of these coaching centers transform the students into machines...kill the joy of thinking..curtail creativity...i quit a gate coaching institute half way cuz of the methods they use...its better to enjoy the concepts rather to store and vomit them just to get a seat into iit..


And yet, the idea that coaching centres have a responsibility for the mental wellbeing of students in their tutelage is only now dawning on them. Maheshwari now plans to institute random silent psychometric tests to detect vulnerable students who can be kept under watch. However, he claims that students get even more depressed if their parents take them back home.

Meanwhile, jolted by the serial suicides, the district administration is also awakening to its responsibility. Kota collector Ravi Kumar, says, "We have taken some steps, like an advisory to coaching institutes to screen students for aptitude. We are setting up a helpline to counsel students."

Drugs, sex, stress: Why Kota may be a bad place for your child - TNN

Hemali Chhapia | TNN | Updated: Jan 28, 2018, 08:02 IST

  • Between 2013 and May 2017, 58 student suicides were reported at coaching centres in Kota.
  • The police records, however, give no information on attempted suicides.
  • Every year, approximately 1.5 to 2 lakh students come to Kota to realise their dream of getting into an engineering or medical college.
MUMBAI: Self-harm, substance abuse, bullying, sexual experimentation and the possibility of pregnancy, sleep-related issues, loneliness, weight loss, acidity and anxiety are common among students in Kota, the coaching class capital of Rajasthan famous for offering preparatory courses to IIT hopefuls, a report by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences has said.

The report, submitted recently to the Kota district administration which had commissioned a study to find out reasons for student suicides, has a crucial suggestion for parents who aspire to send their children there: "Do an initial recce, if possible, to understand the atmosphere of Kota, to decide if it is right for your children. Kota is not the best place for all children; some find it difficult to adjust to living away from home." 

The study has also suggested ways to ease academic stress. Class sizes in coaching academies could be cut to a fifth. Advertisements on exam results could reveal the truth instead of throwing up fantastic numbers. Recreational activities such as music and dance could be woven into the rigorous competitive exam preparation timetable, and batches may no longer be segregated based on academic performance. 

Between 2013 and May 2017, 58 student suicides were reported at coaching centres in the district, show police records, which however give no information on attempted suicides. In fact, between 2011 and 2014, suicides in Kota due to failure in exams made up the highest percentage of such deaths among 88 Indian cities considered for the study. 

Every year, approximately 1.5 lakh to two lakh students come to Kota to realise their dream of getting into an engineering or medical college. Who are these students — mostly boys and a few girls? What is a day like for them? What do they eat? What academic pressure do they face? How does Kota treat them? 

The researchers — dean of the TISS school of human ecology, Sujata Sriram, assistant professor Chetna Duggal, counsellor Nikhar Ranawat and counselling psychologist Rajshree Faria — looked into all these questions, with the respondents giving replies on a "perceived stress scale" framed for the survey. 

"Forty-nine per cent of respondents cited feeling nervous, worried and scared; 42% mentioned that their friends were nervous, scared and worried. Thirty-seven per cent said they felt easily annoyed or irritable, followed by 32% who said they were upset or sad for most part of the day or for many days at a time," stated the report. 

"Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness were expressed by 28% respondents; another 28% expressed feelings of worthlessness. Serious concerns of feeling like a failure and letting down the family were expressed by 27% of the respondents." 

Many students reported sleep-related problems, of not being able to wake up or falling asleep or staying asleep. Problems of constantly feeling tired were mentioned, as were those related to eating and food and loss of appetite and weight. While digestion trouble figured on the list of issues, around a third of the female students spoke of problems with their menstrual period, the report stated. 

The researchers noted that very often, messes bought the lowest quality of vegetables — leftover stock or stock not considered suitable for sale due to the price factor. "This kind of stock was colloquially referred to as "mess-quality" vegetables. Students had repeated concerns regarding the quality of the food served (uncooked rice, watery dal and stale food), lack of healthy food available in canteens, hostels and messes, lack of hygiene in kitchens, hostels providing good-quality food only in the beginning of the session and differing palates."

Similarly, hoardings that welcomed many to Kota made "inflated claims". While each coaching centre advertises the names, rank and photographs of successful candidates, the actual percentage of success was not disclosed to TISS researchers. 

Children are going through the same stress everywhere. It''s the result of handful of jobs vs humongous population. Jobs will never catch up with our growing population that''s a fact. It''s all about survival of the fittest now.
Selene Nixon

The report recommended that there should be accurate display and communication of the coaching centres' success rates in IIT-JEE, NEET, and other entrance exams. Again, any form of advertisements by coaching centres should incorporate a disclaimer stating that studying in that particular coaching centre does not guarantee admission into medical and engineering colleges, it said.

Other proposals include reduction of the class population of 200 to 40 each, appointment of trained counsellors and clinical psychologists, sensitisation of teachers on mental health issues, availability of on-call doctors, creation of a recreational room for games, screening of movies, formation of peer mentor groups and removal of pigs and stray cattle.

Wednesday, January 24, 2018

On the Menace of Reservation(s) and Quota(s) - Kashmir Reader

By reader on January 23, 2018No Comment


I vividly remember the day when my teacher asked me in university, in which category you have been selected in the Master’s degree program. I answered authoritatively that I secured admission in the open merit category. While as, my fair-weather friend, seated beside ducked the same question with a lie by answering that he too was selected in general category even though he belonged to reserved category (RBA) as he felt it as matter of shame and disgrace to disclose his category status before fellow classmates. Time passed by but my class mate always kept his category status hidden under the smokescreen of lies. Today, the same person of mine is working as teacher in school education. What made him reach there was not his intelligence but the blessing of the RBA certificate (resident of backward area) which overshadows a deserving candidate in every competitive exam; thus his shame became his fame.

This is the story of the majority of RBA candidates; they only pop their head up like a hydra when it comes to availing benefits for government services for being backward. Almost 20% of seats are reserved for candidates belonging to backward areas. While my friend got appointed as general line teacher as a simple graduate, many other friends of mine continue to pile degree after degree and are yet to get a government job. I can’t blame their failures to RBA quota but it hurts when you have been elbowed out of race not by someone who is more talented and gifted than you but by someone who is nowhere in the competitive race.

Few days ago, I came across a picture which sums up the whole plight of general category candidates; it the picture depicts three friends belonging to three different categories OM, RBA and SC in a hostel room. The OM candidate is seen busy with his studies, while the RBA candidate is having the fun with his phone with ear phones plugged in while as SC candidate is sound asleep. In the second half partitioned picture tagged with the caption of “after six years”, the SC candidate is seen as a boss on rotating a chair while RBA candidate is working as the personal assistant to his SC friend while as OM candidate is serving tea to both.

Being an RBA is a blessing in disguise for its beneficiaries in the contemporary era of “dog eat dog competition”. Unlike open merit candidates , who have to move from pillar to post to avail government job and have to create something out of nothing for their survival, the RBA candidates have it made. The RBA should have been a one-time benefit but its beneficiaries continue to enjoy the fruits of category certificate from womb to tomb, from class 12th onwards when they appear in JKCET exams to getting admission’s in other professional courses; thus many candidates who are not fit for the course end up getting it in gift courtesy of reservation and often these candidates don’t fit in demanding circumstances thereby blocking the way of genuine and deserving candidates. It is grotesque when a candidate with 60 points fails to figure in the Assistant Professor selection list while as the candidate who scored only 46 points is serving as an Assistant Professor just because he was a category candidate. 

A few years ago, the administration was concerned about rising suicide rates in IITS. When the government investigated the matter, they came to the conclusion that most of the candidates who committed suicide belonged to SC/ST categories. They were unable to cope with course syllabii; so they unfortunately ended their lives in frustration.

From a broader perspective I am unable to come to grips with what it takes to constitute a backward area. If it is an isolated village without facility of macadamized roads, no electricity, no water supply, no telecom connections then I hold no doubt in stating that there is no village in the valley which qualifies to be backward. The sad fact is that when the west is planning to settle life on mars, in this region, the fighting and the debate is on reserved categories. Politicians here are doing what amounts to putting the cart before the horse just for the lure and lust of power. The perverse irony is that instead of abolishing existing RBA villages which no longer fit in the backward status as enough of development work has been done in these areas they are promising to register new villages in RBA to gain votes from gullible villagers.

Why is the administration here turning a blind eye towards this monster of reservation which is snatching the rights of genuine and deserving people? In the 21st century, where technology has enveloped the whole world into global village, no one should demand reservation as technology never discriminates. Time has come for powers that be, if they really care about people, to revoke this very discriminating. One first step would be to declassify the villages with a legacy of RBA which they no longer deserve. Otherwise if, in the future, the government sends manned space craft to moon, they have to kept seats reserved for reserved categories while as astronauts will have to give it up before reserved quota!

—The author holds a Master’s in Chemistry. He is also NET/SLET qualified and can be reached at: malikjavid86@gmail.com

January 24, 2018 at 8:05 am

Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I am an IIT Alumnus maintain the Blog on Suicides in IITs as for decades suicides were being swept under the carpet by IIT administrators. https://iitsuicides.blogspot.com.au/ and the above article resonates and echoes my thoughts and feelings on Reservation in IITs. Yes I agree the down Trodden need a Hand to pull them out of their misery but you don’t feed the man fish but teach him how to fish to survive.

I am neither a Brahmin – Mind you they are not all elite and intelligent plus there are some extremely poor Brahmins in India who need help too. I do not belong to the SC/ST Class either. I am the son of a Central Govt Servant in Port Blair Andamans, not very well off yet my parents made sure I along with my six sisters got the best education. He told us I do not have any wealth to share with you all but I am giving you the best wealth of Knowledge and education, that will help you stand on your own legs and feet. All of us even through we are Hindus studied at Catholic schools. Each one of us excelled at school and most of us had our tuition fees waived by the schools. I was a class topper from 6th Std to 10th Std. in 1963 I did not know anything about IITs but a good friend insisted I submit an application for the Entrance Exam ( without my fathers knowledge) and I am proud to say that with nil preparation plus seeing a movie at the Cinemas the night before I made it into IITMadras. My father put his foot down and said no IIT Bit CIT you are going to Guindy College. Some how good sense prevailed and my Dad agreed to let me stay in the hostel and pay my mess bills which he could not afford. At IITM I went down the slippery slide from Ducks at School to become the Dunce of the class.. Every chap in my class was a rank holder in his school. Plus Madras Uni PUC curriculum did not include Calculus as compared to chaps from up north like Delhi Madrasi schools and the Central Board schools. This was a huge set back plus faculty did not care about individual students. They just came taught and left and we were all mere numbers. At the end of my 2nd year I told My Dad, I think I am going to fail in maths Dad. He said what ? Maths that is your favourite subject… Not any more I said it is my night mare now. Now if this was my experience at IITM coming from an English medium Catholic school in Madras, imagine a poor kid from SC/ST background from the village who did not speak or write English and here he was listening to lectures in English and surrounded by kids from rich urban families with Nikes and Apple Macs and Smart phones and there you are with just a few shirts and pants and wear chappals and have a small note book and a ball point pen at your disposal. The worst thing is that no one wants to know you on campus. You virtually don’t exist as every one looks past you. Your own classmates avoid sitting near you ( not because you are an untouchable, but because you do not deserve to be in IIT) and in the hostel mess you are on your own in one corner…Can this kid survive in an IIT ? No Way.. I remember cursing the HRD Minister Arjun Singh for interfering with IITs which are supposed to be autonomous bodies and introducing Reservations that has not served any purpose besides driving these Quota students into depression and suicide for no fault of theirs.
If HRD wanted to really help the down trodden BPL student population they should identify kids with potential as early as 6th Standard with a basic exam in maths and language and create special schools for the talented, irrespective of caste and creed. The only criteria has to be families financial status. But then no govt is interested in such ideas unless it will get them votes at the next elections. Perhaps the Current Modi Govt should reconsider the effects of Reservation in higher education as it is not serving the very people it is supposed to.

Ram Krishnaswamy
Sydney Australia

Tuesday, January 23, 2018

Anti-suicide measures should be implemented swiftly and strictly - Hindustan Times

One big drawback in India’s fight against suicides is the inadequate mental health infrastructure in the country. The country has only 0.301 psychiatrists for every 100,000 people suffering from mental illnesses.

EDITORIALS Updated: Jan 21, 2018 19:54 Ist
Hindustan Times

One big drawback in India’s fight against suicides is the inadequate mental health infrastructure in the country. The country has only 0.301 psychiatrists for every 100,000 people suffering from mental illnesses(Getty Images)

Last year, five students committed suicide at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, one of the most prestigious engineering colleges in the country. Although the rigours of academics and the pressure to succeed are higher in engineering colleges, they are not the only ones facing the brunt of student suicides. Between 2011 and 2016, 49,249 students in India killed themselves. Statistics from the National Crime Records Bureau show that 6,654 students committed suicide in 2012; 8,423 in 2013; 8,068 in 2014; and 8,934 in 2015. The number went up to 9,474 in 2016, says NCRB data shared by the ministry of home affairs in Parliament last month.
Concerned over the spate of suicides in our colleges, the ministry of human resource development has circulated a manual to the country’s higher education institutions, asking the authorities to adopt measures to prevent students from taking the extreme step. The manual, prepared on the basis of a study conducted across the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) by IIT-Kharagpur, lists measures such as early identification of suicidal tendencies, a buddy programme and a double-blind helpline where both the caller and the counsellor are unaware of each other’s identity. Other experts have suggested proactive steps at the adolescent stage itself with the introduction of mental health in school curricula.

Read more
  • Health department to assess mental health of school children in Rajasthan 

  • A Calmer You, by Sonal Kalra: Make a new connection – with life! 

  • One big drawback in India’s fight against suicides is the inadequate mental health infrastructure in the country. The country has only 0.301 psychiatrists for every 100,000 people suffering from mental illnesses. There were just 3,800 psychiatrists, 898 clinical psychologists, 850 psychiatric social workers and 1,500 psychiatric nurses nationwide, according to a reply from the ministry of health and family welfare in the Lok Sabha in December 2015.

    Given the seriousness and enormity of student suicides in the country, merely sending out an advisory listing preventive measures cannot be enough. The State should ensure that these measures are implemented strictly and not just in government-run colleges. Privately-run institutions and coaching centres, many of them with little or no counselling services, should not be allowed to get away lightly. That is the least the State can do in a country that is likely to become the youngest nation in the world (with an average age of 29), by 2020.

    Monday, January 22, 2018

    19-year-old IIT aspirant hangs self in Kota - TNN

    19-year-old IIT aspirant hangs self in Kota
    TNN | Updated: Jan 21, 2018, 08:42 IST

    Representative image

    KOTA: A 19-year-old IITaspirant from Hajipur in Bihar on Friday evening committed suicide by hanging himself from the ceiling fan of his hostel room in Mahaveer Nagar-I under Jawahar Nagar police station area.

    The body was handed over to the family members who reached here from Bihar on Saturday. An investigation into the matter was initiated after lodging a case under Section 174 of CrPC.

    The deceased Aniket Anand was a Class XII student and was preparing to crack IIT entrance test in a coaching institute of the city, said Neeraj Gupta, circle incharge, Jawahar Nagar police station.

    "After returning from coaching class yesterday noon, he locked himself in his hostel room and did not come out for dinner following which his room gate was broken open,'' he said.

    "If I could score 95% marks.......... If I could lead a happy life like others," reads the notebook page recovered from his room. However, no suicide note was recovered.

    It seems he took the extreme step due to study stress and pressure, Gupta said.

    After post-mortem, the body was handed over to Anand's maternal uncle who reached Kota on Saturday.

    This is the fourth case of suicide by a coaching student in Kota this year since January 1.

    Earlier this month, three other coaching students including two girls, all NEET aspirants, committed suicide in Kota.

    Friday, January 19, 2018

    Students and Dalit organisations across the country led demonstrations in the memory of Rohith Vemula. - News Click

    Newsclick Report 17 Jan 2018

    Image Courtesy: Mubashir Hameed

    Two years back on this day, January 17, Dalit research scholar Rohith Vemula committed suicide in NRS hostel in University of Hyderabad. After protesting for two weeks against his suspension along with four other Dalit students, losing hope, Vemula took the extreme step. Outraged over his demise, students of the University led a collective struggle demanding the arrest of University’s Vice-Chancellor P Appa Rao, the then MHRD Minister Smriti Irani, the then Central Minister Dattatreya and ABVP activist Susheel Kumar who were influential for the suspension meted to the five Dalit students. The struggle transformed into a nationwide students and Dalits movement which brought to the forefront, the discourse on the condition of Dalit and marginalised students and the functioning of the Educational system in the country.
    However, when the central government appointed Roopanwala committee claimed that Rohith Vemula is not Dalit as his father belonged to Vaddera caste (OBC) and his Mother belonged to Scheduled Caste- Mala community, no police action was taken against the accused.
    In his suicide letter, Vemula wrote “My birth is my fatal accident…. The value of a man was reduced to his immediate identity and nearest possibility. To a vote. To a number. To a thing.” His letter explained his struggles in his life for being born as a Dalit who eventually became an Ambedkarite student activist.
    Hyderabad University’s Ambedkar Students Association has organised ‘Rohith Shahadath Din’ in Vemula’s memory on his second death anniversary. Students have taken permission from the campus authorities to allow Radhika Vemula along with six others including Kancha Ilaiyah inside the campus and address the students gathering in Savitribhai Phule auditorium. Last year, on the same day, Telangana police had arrested her when she had tried to enter the campus.

    After her son’s demise, Radhika Vemula has been raising her voice against Dalit oppression and has become a part of the Dalit movement in the country.
    Students from Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi University, IIT Madras, Osmania University, Tata Institute of Social Sciences and other state and central universities have participated today in demonstrations, rallies to commemorate Vemula’s death anniversary.
    Sunkanna Velpula, one of the five suspended students along with Rohith Vemula wrote on his Facebook wall, “I don’t know whether we have the right to remember you Rohith because we failed to deliver justice for your sacrifice in Hindutva ruling. But one thing is true… We Missed You. There is no one to replace you. You are Unique.”
    Rohith Act:

    Framing and promulgation of a ‘Rohith Act’ which can safeguard the students from marginalised sections in Indian Universities was another main demand from student communities after Vemula’s death. While various political parties, student organisations and social scientists have suggested various drafts for a separate act in Rohith Vemula’s name, however, it has not seen the light of the day in the current BJP-led central government.

    India’s elite IITs have a plan to fix their gender gap—but will it work? - Quartz


    Still a cause for concern. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)

    "Indian students, teachers and others listen to a speaker during a protest against the arrest of a student union leader of New Delhis Jawaharlal Nehru University, in Bangalore, India, Thursday, Feb. 18, 2016. Scenes of protest that rocked a New Delhi university this week spread across the country Thursday, with students and teachers from cities including Bangalore, Kolkata and Chennai joining demands for the release of a student leader arrested on sedition charges. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)" title="">

    January 18, 2018 Quartz India

    The scales at India’s most prestigious engineering colleges tilt heavily, and not surprisingly, towards men.

    Currently, only between 8% and 9% of engineering students are female.

    To fix this imbalance, the ministry of human resource development has directed all 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) to ensure that, beginning this year, at least 14% of their seats went to women. Subsequently, the IITs are to add at least 550 seats solely dedicated to female students, the Economic Times newspaper reported.

    By the end of this decade, the IIT Council is aiming to pull the ratio up further, enrolling at least one woman student for every four men.

    The IITs have been working in this direction for a while now.
    Back in 2011, they waived the application fee for women to encourage them to take the entrance test. They have also reportedly been considering awarding merit-based scholarships to female students, besides waiving fees.

    However, these steps may not be enough.
    Often, the gender disparity becomes apparent even before students enter the exam hall. The number of male candidates that appear for the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) is nearly double that of female aspirants. They also have a much higher exam clearance rate of over 6%, compared to 2% for women.
    The larger issue is that women have constantly lagged behind , courtesy decades of deep-seated discrimination. Often, girls end up dropping out of schools either due to a lack of basic facilities like functioning toilets, or because of being pulled into doing household chores. By the time they turn 18, some 32% of girls are no longer enrolled in the formal education system compared to 28% of boys, according to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) (pdf) for 2017.

    Even during the preparatory stage of their IIT tenures, women, unlike men, are actively discouraged from travelling to distant places and living in hostels while getting coached for the entrance exams.

    In 2016, while up to 2,200 women secured a spot to study at the IITs, less than a third actually enrolled. Many choose not to owing to safety concerns.

    Pooja Goyal, who cleared the IIT entrance exam in 1992, attended a convent school that did not even have a mathematics teacher for girls. Once at the institute, Goyal was one of the 13 women in her chemical engineering class of 300 at IIT Delhi. The gender divide distorted her very sense of belonging. “The boys did not know how to interact with girls. There were 10 hostels for boys on one side of the IIT Delhi campus, and there was one hostel for girls on the other end. And all the cultural activities took place on the boys’ end,” Goyal told Quartz in 2015.

    “Once women enter campuses, there needs to be a much more inclusive approach to their educational experience. Gender-based curfews and restrictions must be lifted, “manels” during fests and conclaves must be discouraged, and initiatives must be rolled out to encourage woman students to participate in all aspects of the engineering life,” Sairee Chahal, founder of SHEROES, told Quartz. SHEROES is an online community for women seeking career opportunities and mentors.
    However, the struggle doesn’t end even after securing the revered degrees.

    India’s office culture doesn’t really accommodate women, who are mostly forced to constantly juggle work and home. For many, marriage and childbirth can shelve careers. In some instances, the pressure ends up in tragedy. For instance, accomplished IIT scholar Manjula Devak allegedly committed suicide at the age of 28 as she could not escape archaic traditions like the dowry sytem.

    So getting women into the IITs may be a first step, but it needs to be so much more than just opening the gates wider.

    HRD sends manual to curb student suicide - DNA

    HRD sends manual to curb student 


    HRD sends manual to curb student suicide

    Kritika Sharma

    Student suicide

     Picture for representational purpose

    The Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has circulated a manual to higher education institutions in India, asking the authorities to adopt measures listed in the manual in an effort to prevent students from committing suicide.
    The preventive manual was distributed to colleges and universities across the country about a month ago.
    Early identification of a student's vulnerability, a buddy programme, and a double-blind helpline where both the caller and the counselor are unaware of each other's identity are some of the measures mentioned in the manual.
    According to a recent report of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), over 26,000 students across institutions in India, including schools and colleges, killed themselves in three years -- from 2014 to 2016.
    The manual was prepared after a detailed study was conducted across the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) by IIT Kharagpur to understand the reasons that force students to take this extreme step.
    The survey found that the pressure of examination and deadlines stresses students most, while they are happiest when they are with friends and have peer support. The manual was prepared after taking in consideration such factors.
    The study says that it is very hard to detect early signs of depression in students and only 4 to 5 percent of those who are troubled come for major psychological counselling.
    The manual suggests that there should be a multi-modal vulnerability assessment for early identification of depression, institutes should have a wider mental health assessment programme with orientation programmes at every year and level, students should go through strength based personality development, have a buddy system, and have a healthy mix of students in classes, hostels, and the curriculum. The manual has also focused on improving food, nutrition, hygiene, recreation, and the general infrastructure of the institute.
    It also says that colleges should sensitise the administration, faculty, the support staff, and the parents. Having a provision of a 24X7 double-blind helplines in institutions has also been mentioned in the manual. Used mostly for psychological counselling, a double blind helpline is something where the caller and counselor are unaware of each other's identity so that they are able to interact with each other in a safe and a comfortable space.
    "We have circulated the manual to all higher education institutions. Now, the implementation is completely up to them," said an official from the HRD ministry.
    V Ramgopal Rao, Director of IIT Delhi, said, "IITs are already taking a number of measures to help students fight stress. Something like a buddy programme is going on in IIT Delhi wherein senior students visit the hostels in evening to help juniors with studies. Orientation programme is also something that happens in most IITs."
    Bipin Tiwari, a Delhi University professor, who is also associated with Equal Opportunities Cell, said, "I deal with student issues on a daily basis, students come to me with all kinds of problems, including personal issues. I feel there is a need for having a more robust mechanism of counselling. A manual like the one that the ministry has issued is a positive step in this direction."


    • The pressure of examination and deadlines stresses students most  
    • It is very hard to detect early signs of depression in students  
    • Only 4 to 5% opt for major psychological counselling

    Sunday, January 14, 2018

    IIT-Gandhinagar professor’s project selected for Army Day - TNN

    TNN | Jan 12, 2018, 08:08 IST

    AHMEDABAD: What can your eyes reveal? A lot — if reviewed by the right technology. MindEye, a project developed by Uttama Lahiri, a professor at IIT Gandhinagar, has been short-listed from the Army Technology (ARTECH) Seminar in New Delhi and will be shown to PM Narendra Modi on Army Day (January 15).

    The project, measuring eye-movement, works on cognition concepts and identifies persons suffering from depression. The initiative is aimed at identifying soldiers with depression and suicidal or violent tendencies arising from it. 

    Prof Lahiri told TOI that the idea stemmed from her patented technology called 'Smart Eye', which analyzes the gaze through computer algorithms. "Unlike other psychological tests, this screening method doesn't require a question and answer session. A person is asked to be engaged in computerized cognitive activities where they have to look at the screen. The cameras track the eye movement and analyze the patterns to predict the condition. The pilot study on 50 individuals showed encouraging results," she said.

    Two other projects from IIT-Gn presented at the event focused on technology for military operations in high altitude. They were an aerosol-based fire detection and suppression system and technology-based rehabilitation for static and dynamic balance for individuals with movement disorders.

    Wednesday, January 10, 2018

    Artificial intel tech to counsel people with depression - New Indian Express

    By S V Krishna Chaitanya  |  Express News Service  |   Published: 09th January 2018 02:27 AM  |  

    CHENNAI: It reads like a scene from a classic sci-fi flick. But it’s not. It is really a human talking to a machine - a machine being built by 14-year-old Indian-origin whiz kid Tanmay Bakshi, who is currently working with IBM on artificial intelligence (AI). The AI machine that he envisages will have brain of its own and play the role of a human therapist diagnosing and counselling people with mental health illness, especially the kids and teenagers.
    And there may be good reason it sounds like a movie. Part of the trick is that this machine is learning to converse by analysing an enormous collection of old movie dialogues. Bakshi is using Cornell Movie-Dialogs Corpus to train the neural networks of the machine. This corpus contains a large metadata-rich collection of fictional conversations extracted from raw movie scripts numbering 2,20,579 conversational exchanges between 10,292 pairs of movie characters from 617 movies.

    Sharing details about his path-breaking venture ‘E-Therapy’, Bakshi, who on Monday delivered a keynote address before jam-packed audience on artificial intelligence and machine learning organised by E-Cell of IIT Madras, said depression-driven suicides were on the rise and in almost 80 per cent of the cases,  teens who commit suicide give out clear patterns. “In Australia alone, 40 per cent of calls to the helplines go unanswered because of shortage of manpower. This is where artificial intelligence comes in handy. Eight months down the lane, we will be ready with a prototype (proof of concept) that will engage in a conversation with a human and diagnose at least a few types of depression,” he told Express on the sidelines of the event.

    Bakshi said the reason why movie transcripts are being used to train neutral networks was if the AI machine can learn and make sense from such huge volume of data, it would be easy to make the machine think and analyse a limited scope like mental illness.

    A mobile app is being designed for public to volunteer and share their data. “To design a prototype, at least 2,000 hours of conversation are needed. AI will allow a free flow of conversation between AI therapist and the patient. We are not here trying to replace professional therapists. We are only trying to mimic them to bridge the gap so that a teenager who needs help get it on time just over his/her phone.’’

    Over 26,000 Indian Students Committed Suicide in 3 Years - Little India


    The Indian government has started counselling centers at many educational institutes, including IITs, to address mental health issues among students.

    By Little India Desk | January 9, 2018

    Almost 26,500 students in India committed suicide between 2014 and 2016, according to the Ministry of Home Affairs. In the span of three years, 8,068 (2014), 8,934 (2015) and 9,474 (2016) students killed themselves. One of the main reasons, which accounts for almost one-fourth of the suicides each year, is failure in exams.

    As many as 2,403, 2,646 and 2,413 suicides were committed due to failure in examination in the country during 2014-2016, the Ministry of Home Affairs said in Lok Sabha last week.
    In 2016, the suicide by 57 students in Kota — known as a coaching town for engineering and other subjects — had raised alarm bells. By 2017, the number of suicide cases dropped by 70 per cent due to intervention by the Rajasthan government. The Ministry of Home Affairs data indicates that although there is no one reason for suicides committed by students, failure in examination has been a big contributor.

    To comfort students, the government has started counselling centers at many Indian Institute of Technology premises in India. However, such measures have been taken only at premier institutes of the country, and other universities in smaller cities and towns are still much behind in addressing the mental health problem.

    The fear of failure among students and the resulting anxiety has also forced various state governments to issue public service announcements annually before exam season. They also bring celebrities on board to show to the youth that good scores in exams is not the only way to success.

    Parental pressure and expectations as well as largely unaddressed mental health issues are also contributing towards the growing number of student suicides.

    A dangerous trend that caught on in 2017 was the Blue Whale Challenge, which led to widespread panic after several cases were suspected to have occurred because of the online game, in which students commit suicide as the last task in a series of challenges.

    “Health being a State subject under List- II of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, States are empowered to implement their own programs,” Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, the Minister of State for Home Affairs, said. “However, the Government of India attaches highest importance in the matter and has approved implementation of the District Mental Health Program in some of the districts of the country with added components of suicide prevention services, workplace stress management, life skills training and counseling in schools and college.”

    According to the data, Maharashtra has the highest suicide rate, followed by West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh.

    More and more students in India are killing themselves every year

    “It [the study] says that 10% of Indians have one or more mental health problem in a nation of 1.3 billion people… If you put it in context, the number of Indians suffering from mental health problem is larger than the population of Japan,” President Ram Nath Kovind had said earlier this year while speaking at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru.

    A person attempts to die every three seconds in India, and it is one of the top three causes of death among people in the age group of 15-35 years, according to Aasra, a non-profit organization that works on suicide prevention.

    BEAT THE EXAM STRESS - Daily Pioneer

    Tuesday, 09 January 2018 | Neerja Birla

    India has the highest rate of suicides in the world amongst students — simply due to the unbearable pressure of exams. Between 2010 and 2015, almost 40,000 students committed suicide. The education system in our country is an extremely and unforgivingly competitive one. The cut-off marks for admission into certain colleges and streams can be a ridiculous 97% or 98% or even higher. The pressure of exams bears down so heavily on students that it plays havoc with the mental well-being of their minds. Neerja Birla, chairperson, Mpower, talks about the mental health of children during exams and how to cope with stress & anxiety

    Around 1.3 million students vie annually for about 10,700-odd seats in one of the 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT). Since the competition is extremely tough, each year 1.5 lakh students from all over the country flock to Kota, Rajasthan for IIT Joint Entrance Exams or JEE coaching ($45-million industry). What is shocking is that in the last five-odd years 60 students have committed suicide in Kota.

    Even when the stress of exams doesn’t lead to suicidal attempts, it doesn’t mean that all is well. The problem starts with the parents, who become so insecure about the future of their children in this dog-eat-dog world. In fact, kids are conditioned into believing that if they don’t achieve those lofty targets, they will not get into a college of repute, and eventually, miss out on a good job.

    Studies show that fear of failure and rejection is hardwired into the human brain, even more than the fear of death. This, in turn, leads to stress, anxiety and depression. Consequently, kids begin to have irrational thoughts about the outcome of the exams. A sense of negativity, self-criticism and worthlessness creeps in. When these toxic thoughts begin to rationalise that ‘I’m going to fail no matter what I do’ that’s when the thought of self-harm begins to look a way out.

    Sadly, parents do not put much importance on the mental health of their child when it comes to exams. The bitter truth is that our education system needs immediate reforms. It must give knowledge, hope and security to young minds; not struggles, insecurities and mental issues.

    Meanwhile, parents and schools can jointly take steps to help students to deal with anxiety and stress of exams.

    First,  parents should stop setting ridiculously impossible goals and targets for their kids. A child must be allowed to breathe and feel motivated to achieve a goal, not get smothered by it.

    Second, instead of only talking about what to expect in the exams and how well they need to do, parents and teachers can talk to students about how they’re feeling.

    Third, telling a child how many hours their peers are cramming  is harmful. What someone learns in half an hour, another child may learn in 20 minutes or 45 minutes. By blindly comparing studying schedules, one ends up putting unnecessary pressure on a child.

    Four, parents can teach children a psychological process called mindfulness’. This means that a child should be encouraged to focus on the moment and what they’re studying instead of worrying about the consequences.

    Five, kids must eat well, keep themselves hydrated and get sound sleep. For example, it is a medically proven fact that the deficiency of Vitamin B12 can cause acute depression, paranoia and hallucinations.

    Finally, if the pressure of exams is getting to a child, parents must not hesitate to seek help from a psychologist or a counselor.

    Saturday, January 6, 2018

    Wake up to the enormity of student suicides in India - Hindustan Times

    Even as counselling centres are becoming the norm in institutes such as the IITs, centres with resident psychologists who can intervene at the onset of mental problems — which often coincide with the physical and psychological changes that an adolescent or teenager experiences — are yet to become commonplace.
    EDITORIALS Updated: Jan 05, 2018 09:26 Ist

    A mental health patient at The IBHAS, New Delhi. (Representative picture). The country’s leading academic institutions often fail to realise the enormity of student suicides and their linkages with mental health problems. (Ravi Choudhary/HT PHOTO)

    Between 2011 and 2016, 49,249 students have killed themselves. Statistics from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) show that 6,654 students committed suicide in 2012; 8,423 in 2013; 8,068 in 2014; and 8,934 in 2015. The number spiked to 9,474 in 2016, says NCRB data shared by the ministry of home affairs in Parliament last week.

    A cocktail of enormous parental expectations, ragging and the inability to cope with a new environment are among the factors that tip students over the edge. But what’s sometimes ignored is that students often nurse mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression which can trigger suicidal thoughts. Last week, speaking at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, President Ram Nath Kovind said India was looking at a possible mental health epidemic. Quoting a study, Mr Kovind said what was alarming was that mental health problems were also affecting the young, who were in the prime of their lives. “It [the study] says that 10% of Indians have one or more mental health problem in a nation of 1.3 billion people... If you put it in context, the number of Indians suffering from mental health problem is larger than the population of Japan,” said the President.

    Read more

  • IIM-Lucknow student found hanging in hostel room, police suspect suicide 

  • University student commits suicide in Uttarakhand, says ‘frustrated with my life’ 

  • The country’s leading academic institutions often fail to realise the link between suicidal thoughts and mental illness. Even as counselling centres are becoming the norm in institutes such as the IITs, centres with resident psychologists who can intervene at the onset of mental problems — which often coincide with the physical and psychological changes that an adolescent or teenager experiences — are yet to become commonplace. Such mechanisms are almost non-existent at smaller institutes in the country’s tier-2 and tier-3 cities.

    In 2017, the ministry of human resource development instructed all Indian Institutes of Technology to evolve induction programmes to help soothe students. Along with counselling at schools and colleges, the State must also bolster the infrastructure of helplines that promise anonymity and instant redress of a teenage student’s anxieties.